Toggle Menu
September 30, 2019 | North Carolina Whistleblower

Top 5 Myths People Believe About Whistleblower Lawsuits and Why They’re Wrong


If you suspect or know your employer is defrauding American taxpayers and the government, and you’re thinking about blowing the whistle on them, we applaud your willingness to fight on the side of justice. Without courageous individuals like you, corrupt organizations would continue to greedily take your tax money for their private purposes.

Fraudsters steal from hardworking American taxpayers, and exposing their activities is an act of heroism, not “snitching.” In some cases, like healthcare fraud, you could even be saving lives.

Unfortunately, whistleblower lawsuits are often subject to myths that arouse fear, raise unrealistic expectations, and in general, give people the wrong idea of what’s involved and how to go about pursuing North Carolina qui tam claims effectively. Let’s take a closer look at five common misunderstandings and why they’re wrong.

Myth #1: You have to report fraud to your employer or a company compliance hotline before filing a whistleblower claim

A lot of would-be whistleblowers believe that they have to report the fraud to their employer or a hotline that’s been set up by their company for corporate compliance before filing a whistleblower claim. Worried about being harassed, demoted, or fired, they stay silent about what they know.

However, there is no law requiring you to tell your employer what you know. Although many people have done so and filed their qui tam lawsuits only after being harassed or fired, you should know that, through filing a qui tam lawsuit, you can have your concerns investigated by the government — without revealing your information publicly or to your employer. In fact, that’s the approach we recommend! Click here for more info.

You should also know that there are specific whistleblower protection and rewards programs, depending on your industry. With so many laws, programs, and nuances, we recommend first consulting with an Carolina Whistleblower Attorney who’s experienced in handling whistleblower claims.

Myth #2: Your employer and coworkers will know if you file a fraud claim

Are you worried that if you blow the whistle, your employer will find out right away and retaliate? While this possibility would alarm anyone, here’s the truth: under the False Claims Act and most state whistleblower laws, your case is kept “under seal” while the government investigates your allegations. This is to prevent interference by the company while the government verifies and investigates your claim.

The reality is that investigations can take months, and even years, to conclude. At the conclusion, the Department of Justice (DOJ) may or may not decide to become involved. If the DOJ declines to intervene after a thorough investigation, you may still pursue the claim on your own. At this point, your identity does become public knowledge, although in some circumstances the court may grant you anonymity. You then have the option to pursue the claim privately with your whistleblower lawyer.

Myth #3: Large financial rewards are all hyped up

Granted, not all successful qui tam cases result in huge recoveries. However, neither private attorneys nor the government will typically file a case unless the financial losses are substantial.

Just in fiscal year 2018, the Justice Department recovered over $2.8 billion from False Claims Act cases. Of that number, $2.1 billion was the result of whistleblowers’ successful qui tam lawsuits, meaning whistleblowers themselves were entitled to between 15% and 25% of the recovery if the government participated, and up to 30% if it didn’t — and the relator ultimately prevailed. In September 2018, the SEC announced an award of $39 million to one whistleblower and $15 million to another. While few rewards are this high, they’re not mythical.1,3

The size of the possible award is based on a percentage of what the court orders the alleged perpetrators to pay in damages. While there is never a guarantee that your claim will be successful, or that the government will decide to intervene in your case, whistleblower awards can be life changing. There is always a guarantee that a successful whistleblower (aka “relator”) will be protected by the relevant whistleblower reward program and will share in the recovery.

Myth #4: You should take your time if you know something

The reality is that whistleblower claims have Statutes of Limitations that limit the timeframe during which you can submit a claim. The clock starts running at very specific trigger points, so you want as much time as possible to explore your legal options.

Not only does the clock start running, but if someone else has filed an FCA lawsuit that uses the same evidence as what you present, you may be barred from filing one yourself. Time — and timing — is of the essence.

Myth #5: You don’t need an attorney

We wouldn’t recommend flying solo to any of our friends or family.

Whistleblower reward programs can be nuanced and difficult to comprehend. An experienced whistleblower attorney who knows the applicable laws and procedures can help you confirm whether or not you have a case. They’ll try to develop your case into a strong lawsuit, and steer you away from common pitfalls.

Find a lawyer who understands your case, cares about you, and will act in your best interests.

Contact a Carolina Whistleblower Attorney

If you know that your employer is helping themselves to taxpayer money and it’s killing you inside, let’s talk.

We applaud you for your courage and will help you try to build a case that can end your employer’s wrongdoing and compensate you for your efforts. To schedule a confidential conversation, contact us or call 1-888-292-8852.

About the Author

Gary Jackson is a highly-accomplished whistleblower, personal injury, consumer protection, and class actions attorney in North Carolina. He is a member of Taxpayers Against Fraud and is frequently asked to speak at education programs for lawyers throughout the country. Gary’s peers selected him for the “Best Lawyers in America” list in Litigation by Best Lawyers in America from 2020-2022.* North Carolina Super Lawyers has designated Gary to their “Super Lawyers” list every year from 2006-2021 for Class Actions and Mass Torts.* From 2013-2015, the same publication named him a “Top 100 Lawyer in North Carolina.”** *Attorney’s firm is the Law Offices of James Scott Farrin. For standards of inclusion, visit **Attorney’s firm is the Law Offices of James Scott Farrin. For standards of inclusion, visit

Similar Articles

Hiring an Attorney | March 17, 2024

What Is a U.S. Attorney? And How a Former One Helps Your FCA Whistleblower Case

A U.S. attorney is a White House-appointed prosecutor and the top law enforcement officer for...

North Carolina Whistleblower | September 07, 2023

The Whistleblower Process in North and South Carolina: An Infographic

When people cheat the government, they are also cheating the taxpaying public that the government...

Government Fraud | July 28, 2023

What if the Government Decides Not to Pursue Your Whistleblower Case?

When a whistleblower files a qui tam lawsuit alleging fraud against the government, the Department...

Contact the Carolina
Whistleblower Attorneys

If you’re wondering if it’s a good idea to speak with a whistleblower lawyer about what you know, let us set the record straight.

  • Corporate ethics hotlines can be risky and may lead to termination. If you’ve already done this, call us immediately.
  • Your coworkers could be aware of the fraud – or complicit in it – and you should not talk to them about it.
  • The first claim to be filed under the False Claims Act can proceed – if you’re not first, you’re at a serious disadvantage and may get nothing (another reason not to speak to your coworkers about it).
  • A confidential discussion costs you a few minutes, but could save you time, stress, and money.


"*" indicates required fields

* Denotes required

Disclaimer: Submission of any information to does not constitute an attorney-client relationship. We have attorneys licensed to practice law in North and South Carolina.

This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.